Javascript Object

What is Javascript Object?

JavaScript is a versatile programming language that allows developers to create complex and dynamic applications. One of the core features of JavaScript is its ability to create objects, which are collections of data and functions that can be organized and manipulated in a variety of ways. In this article, we will explore what JavaScript objects are, how they work, and how they can be used in your web development projects.

What are JavaScript Objects?

In JavaScript, objects are a way to group related data and functions together in a single entity. An object can be thought of as a container for information, with each piece of data stored in a property and each function stored in a method. Objects are created using the object literal notation, which involves placing a list of key-value pairs inside a set of curly braces. Here is an example of an object in JavaScript:

let person = {
  firstName: 'John',
  lastName: 'Doe',
  age: 30,
  getFullName: function() {
    return this.firstName + ' ' + this.lastName;

In this example, we have created an object called person that contains four properties: firstName, lastName, age, and getFullName. The getFullName property is a method that returns the full name of the person by concatenating the firstName and lastName properties.

Accessing Properties and Methods

Once an object has been created, its properties and methods can be accessed using dot notation or bracket notation. Here is an example of how to access the age property of the person object using dot notation:

let age = person.age;
console.log(age); // Output: 30

And here is an example of how to access the getFullName method of the person object using bracket notation:

let fullName = person['getFullName']();
console.log(fullName); // Output: John Doe

Note that when accessing a method of an object using bracket notation, you must include the parentheses at the end of the method name in order to call the function.

Creating Objects with Constructors

Another way to create objects in JavaScript is to use constructor functions. Constructor functions are a special type of function that are used to create new instances of an object. Here is an example of a constructor function that creates a Person object:

function Person(firstName, lastName, age) {
  this.firstName = firstName;
  this.lastName = lastName;
  this.age = age;
  this.getFullName = function() {
    return this.firstName + ' ' + this.lastName;

let person1 = new Person('John', 'Doe', 30);
let person2 = new Person('Jane', 'Smith', 25);

In this example, we have created a constructor function called Person that takes three parameters: firstName, lastName, and age. Inside the constructor function, we use the this keyword to set the properties of the Person object, as well as the getFullName method. We then create two new instances of the Person object using the new keyword and passing in the necessary parameters.


JavaScript objects are a powerful tool for organizing and manipulating data and functions in your web development projects. Whether you are using object literal notation or constructor functions, understanding how to create and work with objects in JavaScript is essential for building dynamic and interactive web applications.

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